Olga Golodets about Industry 4.0: we need to create a hi-tech education system

Olga Golodets about Industry 4.0: we need to create a hi-tech education system

Automation and digitalization of economy in the nearest 20 years may lead to a drastic change in the labor market and reduce 40% of workplaces. On June 2, heads of leading enterprises have discussed at Saint Petersburg International Economic Forum “SPIEF-2017” challenges of the fourth industrial revolution Industry 4.0 and ways of managing possible unemployment by the modern society.

“In order to be able to adequately meet the challenges of time, the education system should be as high-tech as the new economy,” said Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Olga Golodets. “Today labor productivity comes to education from the economic sphere. The period of time spent on professional staff training can be technologically advanced and reduced to a minimum. We can create a new profession very quickly, but it is still necessary to keep up with changes in professional requirements and introduce relevant educational programs.”

According to the Deputy Prime Minister over the course of three years, there were introduced about 800 new professional standards with new educational standards being actively developed every day. “Our educational system is becoming more technologically-based and highly effective,” said Olga Golodets. The Deputy Prime Minister sees that as a reason why special attention in Russia is paid to the reformation of TVET system and participation at the WorldSkills movement.

The minister of labor and social protection of the Russian Federation Maksim Topilin said that the old qualification assessment system inherited from the Soviet period needs to be modernized by an external impulse and independent qualification assessment centers should be created. “We have established a new legislation on qualification assessment system which is independent from the education system.”

The head of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection has also pointed out the necessity of monitoring occupational health and safety at enterprises and paying compensations for heavy and harmful working conditions. This can be done through the insurance system: an ‘expensive’ worker who takes care of his health and does not get sick is more effective and brings more benefit to company. Maksim Topilin also said that the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Russian Federation has joined the Vision Zero Fund initiative by the International Labor Organization.

The minister said that we should be able to respond quickly to the future. “We might face unemployment; robots will replace workers at our enterprises. However, the world is inert – 10 years ago we had no idea on what today will be like. In the 19th century, people have worked for 16 hours a day and the 20th century brought in our current 8-hour working day. Perhaps, in this century we will be as effective as they were, but work for only 2-4 hours a day, and spend the rest of the time with our families or learning new things.”

“In the historical perspective, the economy can adapt to all changes,” says the Director General of the Union ‘Young Professionals’ (WorldSkills Russia) Robert Urazov. However, in order to be competitive in the new conditions, one should be able to adapt quickly and accumulate new skills in the current economy. “The key skills of todays’ worker are creation of 3D models and programming. One of the key principles of the WorldSkills Russia is the desire to provide professional excellence. Therefore, the module on programming is introduced even into such “ancient” trade professions as a mechanic.”

“On the other hand, the Industry 4.0 provides an opportunity to return to individual manufacturing: what once was handicraft industry becomes a digital handicraft,” added Robert Urazov. “With the help of digital technologies anything can be made in accordance with one’s own needs and at a price comparable to that of mass production. The one who will be able to work by requests of the client, create an individual product or service shall win. This especially concerns specialists of the service industry: cooks, hairdressers, confectioners, hotel administrators.”

Director General of Union “Young Professionals (WorldSkills Russia)” claimed the speed of response of the training system to technological changes to be the key competitive advantage. It took about 60 years to spread the electricity, 10 years to spread the Internet, and it will take another 3-4 years to introduce the Internet of things. “Once a human becomes the key capital the speed of introducing new skills into staff training systems turns into an undeniable competitive advantage. Thanks to the WorldSkills competitions involving tens of thousands of teenagers and teachers, our country may get this competitive advantage.”

“Opportunity only knocks once. Those who did not manage to adapt to the digital economy have failed,” says Director General of PJSC “KAMAZ” Sergey Kogogin.  The main value of the new economy is “Everything tightens up and we have to adapt to it. This is what it is called digitalization.” According to Sergey Kogogin KAMAZ had to adapt to the individual needs of the client. The product life cycle has been drastically reduced and we had to shorten the time spent on product development.”

“We need our workers to have new skills. The time of the paradigm “One person – one profession” has had its day. Now they have to learn differently,” says Sergey Kogogin. The president of “STAN” management company Sergey Nedoroslev agrees with that and says those who will not change can lose their jobs.

“What is a modern machine? It is a whole factory. By modernizing the manufacturing process, we have replaced 140 old machines at which people worked on three shifts with only one. The new equipment on the one hand will reduce unnecessary workplaces, outdated skills, but in the end will give dozens of high-tech jobs in the intellectual sphere, for example, at design bureaus,” said Sergei Nedoroslev. “Thus, the structure of the labor market changes in quality.”

Industry 4.0 is the fourth industrial revolution leading to digitization of all physical assets and complex change of the digital ecosystem through application of a wide range of technologies. As a result, we might transfer to full automation of industrial production, and no longer need some workers at industrial enterprises. To prevent the expected negative consequences, the FutureSkills initiative was created in the framework of the “Young Professionals” (WorldSkills Russia) movement, aimed at conducting research and developing a coordinated agenda for staff training in transforming qualifications, designing competitions in new professions and developing educational programs according to the WorldSkills Standards with an opportunity of  further international recognition of skills.

In the framework of the “Young professionals” (WorldSkills Russia) and WorldSkills Hi-Tech Competitions the FutureSkills project is represented by a block of competitions in less common but promising skills that have not been yet standardized:Laser Technology, Reverse Engineering, Lifecycle Management, Industrial Robotics, Industrial Design, Composite Technology, Genomic Engineering.





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